Pakistan Notifies Revised Control Lists under the Export Control Act of 2004
Pursuant to the Export Control on Goods, Technologies, Material and Equipment related to Nuclear and Biological Weapons and their Delivery Systems Act 2004, the Government of Pakistan has notified revised Control Lists of Goods, Technologies, Material and Equipment related to Nuclear and Biological Weapons and their Delivery Systems. The Act enables the Government to control export, re-export, trans-shipment and transit of goods, technologies, material and equipment related to Nuclear and Biological Weapons and their Delivery Systems.
As part of regular review process, the Strategic Export Control Division (SECDIV) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has revised /updated the Control Lists, in consultation with other relevant Ministries and Departments. The revised Control Lists have been notified vide Gazette of Pakistan S.R.O. 1142(I)/2016 dated 18 November 2016. It may be mentioned that the lists were originally notified in 2005 and subsequently revised in 2011 and 2015.
The notification signifies the continuing resolve and policy of Pakistan as a responsible nuclear state to advance the shared goals of non-proliferation and strictly adhere to its commitments.
11 January 2017
Adviser Sartaj Aziz's address at ISSI on Pakistan's Non-Proliferation Efforts & Strategic Export Controls
Seminar on "Pakistan's Non-Proliferation Efforts & Strategic Export Controls" 3 May 2016.
naugural Address by Adviser to the PM on Foreign Affairs
Ambassador Khalid Mahmood,
Ambassador Masood Khan,
Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen
It's a great honor to have been invited by the Institute of Strategic Studies, Islamabad to deliver the inaugural speech at this Seminar on a topical issue "Pakistan's Non-proliferation Efforts and Strategic Export Controls."To begin with, I would like to commend the ISSI, for playing an important role in promoting debate and perspectives on subjects of national and international concern.
Pakistan is a peace loving country that was compelled to acquire nuclear deterrence in the face of grave threats to its security and integrity. Pakistan's reluctant entry into the nuclear club is well documented. As a responsible state, Pakistan remains fully committed to the objectives of non-proliferation and disarmament and shares the global concern that proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs) poses serious threat to international peace and security. In 1974, when the first nuclear test was conducted in our neighborhood, we made several proposals for keeping South Asia free of nuclear weapons and their delivery systems including simultaneous accession to NPT, but none of the proposals met a favorable response. Subsequently, in the interest of maintaining peace and stability in the region, Pakistan proposed a "Strategic Restraint Regime," with three interlocking and mutually reinforcing elements i.e. conflict resolution, nuclear and missile restraint and conventional balance. This proposal remains on the table.
Ladies and Gentlemen
Pakistan has always endeavored to fulfill its international obligations. Pakistan is a state party various international instruments including CWC, BTWC, PTBT, CPPNM, IAEA Code of Conduct on Safety and Security of radioactive sources, and participates in the IAEA Incident and Trafficking Database (ITDB). Besides, we also actively participate in the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism (GICNT) and regularly submit reports to the UN Security Council 1540 Committee on the measures we take to exercise control over transfer of sensitive materials and technologies.
Pakistan is strongly committed to the objective of nuclear security and has been proactively engaged with the international community to promote nuclear safety and security.
Our nuclear security paradigm, evolved over the years, is effective and responsive against the entire range of possible threats. Nuclear security regime in Pakistan is dynamic and regularly reviewed and updated.
In line with the commitment made during the 2014 NSS, Pakistan has ratified the 2005 Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM). This is a reaffirmation of Pakistan's confidence in its national nuclear security regime, which is consistent with the contemporary international standards.
Pakistan's nuclear security regime is based on national legislative, regulatory and administrative framework. The elements of nuclear security in Pakistan include robust command and control system led by the National Command Authority (NCA), rigorous regulatory regime, comprehensive export controls and international cooperation. We follow the principle of multi-layered defence to prevent and effectively respond to the entire spectrum of threats. The regulatory regime encompasses all matters related to nuclear safety and security, including physical protection of materials and facilities, material control and accounting, transport security, prevention of illicit trafficking, border controls, and plans to deal with possible radiological emergencies through an elaborate Nuclear Emergency Management System (NEMS). A state of the art Centre of Excellence on Nuclear Security (PCENS) has been established, which continues to grow into a regional and international hub, with support of the IAEA.
Over the years, Pakistan has streamlined and strengthened its export control regime and enhanced its engagement with multilateral export control regimes. Pakistan's export control regime is at par with the standards followed by the Nuclear Suppliers' Group (NSG), Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and Australia Group.
Ladies and Gentlemen
Let me also draw your attention to South Asia's strategic stability, which has been negatively impacted by the policies that override the long established principles and norms and are guided by individual state's strategic and commercial considerations. A case in point is the Indo-US civil nuclear deal and the subsequent discriminatory waiver granted to India by the NSG. Eight years down the road one wonders what benefit the non-proliferation regime has secured from the deal? The recent reports by NTI (Nuclear Threat Initiative), ISIS (Institute of Security and International Studies)and assessment by other experts corroborate that the NSG waiver has allowed India to exponentially increase its fissile material stocks with grave implications for the strategic stability of the region. The introduction of nuclear submarines, development of ABM system and massive acquisition of conventional weapons, prompt offensive inclinations manifested in doctrines such as the "Cold Start" and "Proactive Operations" pose a serious threat to regional stability. As we seek to ensure our security, credible minimum deterrence remains our guiding principle and our conduct will continue to be defined by restraint and responsibility.
Ladies and Gentlemen
Pakistan is facing acute power shortage as it is a fossil fuel deficient country. In order to meet its enormously increasing energy needs and to support sustained economic growth and industrial development, reliance on civil nuclear energy is an imperative. The energy requirement is expected to grow by at least 7 over the next two decades. Therefore, our national energy strategy includes expansion in the nuclear energy capacity.
Focus on nuclear security should further enhance international cooperation in peaceful applications of nuclear technology. Confidence in safety and security of nuclear and radiological materials and associated facilities should facilitate collaboration in health, industry, agriculture and other sectors. Pakistan has strong credentials to become a member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group and other multilateral export control regimes, on non-discriminatory basis. Pakistan is confident of its capabilities and cognizant of its international obligations. The policy of international community towards nuclear mainstreaming of any state should be based on uniform criteria rather than a country specific approach. After the objective of total nuclear disarmament was found difficult to achieve in the foreseeable future, the world has gradually evolved a new normative approach to non-proliferation. This new norm is now threatened by the so called selective approach to "outlier states", without a uniform criteria applicable to all non NPT states. This threat must be resolutely resisted.
In the end, I once again extend my gratitude to Ambassador (Retired) Masood Khan and his team, for arranging this seminar. I am confident it will enhance your understanding about Pakistan's efforts towards non-proliferation and strategic export controls.
Government of Pakistan lifts certain sanctions on Iran.
Government of Pakistan has lifted sanctions on Iran pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 2231. The modalities for lifting of sanctions were finalized in an inter-ministerial meeting chaired by Minister of Finance, Senator Mohammad Ishaq Dar on 19-02-2016.
A formal notification has been issued to this effect by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs after the meeting. This would revive economic and commercial relationship between Pakistan and Iran, including in the areas of trade, investment, technology, banking, finance and energy.
Download (SRO-Pakistan lifts Sanctions on Iran)
Appointment of Member Oversight Board.
Ambassador (R) Masood Khan has been appointed as Honorary Member of the Oversight Board with effect from 18 August 2015.
Move on export control of sensitive technologies, goods praised by US
The Newspaper's Staff Reporter
ISLAMABAD: The United States has praised Pakistan's move to update its export control list for sensitive technologies and goods to make it compatible with international regimes.
"The US delegation appreciated the progress on harmonisation of Pakistan's National Control Lists (NCL) with those of control lists of international export control regimes and the steps taken by Pakistan to keep its export control at par with international standards," the Foreign Office said.
The observation was made on Wednesday during the second Pakistan-US bilateral meeting on strategic export controls held in Islamabad. The meeting was co-chaired by Mr Vann Van Diepen, US principal deputy assistant secretary for international security and non-proliferation, and Ambassador Tasnim Aslam, additional secretary at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Pakistan has recently revised the control lists of goods, technologies, material and equipment related to nuclear and biological weapons and their delivery systems. The revision was made under the Export Control on Goods, Technologies, Material and Equipment related to Nuclear and Biological Weapons and their Delivery Systems Act, 2004. The legislation enables the government to control export, re-export, trans-shipment and transit of goods, technologies, material and equipment related to nuclear and biological weapons and their delivery systems.
The revision makes the national control list harmonious with the lists maintained by the international export control regimes - Nuclear Suppliers Group, Missile Technology Control Regime, and the Australia Group.
At the meeting the Pakistani side apprised the US delegation about the latest developments in Pakistan's strategic export control system, its internal compliance mechanism and the NCLs' review process, the Foreign Office said.
The US side dwelt on various export controls aspects including their best practices, training measures and reforms being conducted by relevant US agencies, the foreign ministry added.
Pakistan has been pursuing its case for joining the export control regimes, particularly the NSG.
The meeting was held as part of the working of the Security, Strategic Stability and Non-proliferation (SSSNP) Working Group, which is a component of the Pak-US strategic dialogue.
"Such interactions are part of Pakistan's consistent outreach effort to engage with the international community to mutually benefit from the best practices," the foreign ministry said.
"Pakistan's non-proliferation measures and the steps taken to further strengthen its export controls are well recognised by the international community. Pakistan is fully committed to non-proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and their delivery systems. Based on its credentials, Pakistan qualifies to join export control regimes including NSG," it added.
September 17, 2015
PAKISTAN - US BILATERAL MEETING ON EXPORT CONTROLS
The second Pakistan - US bilateral meeting on strategic export controls was held at Islamabad on 16 September 2015. The meeting was co-chaired by Mr. Vann Van Diepen, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Security and Non-proliferation and Ambassador Tasnim Aslam, Additional Secretary (United Nations & Economic Coordination), at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Strategic Export Controls experts from the two sides shared their respective best practices. The US delegation appreciated the progress on harmonization of Pakistan's National Control Lists (NCL) with those of control lists of international export control regimes and the steps taken by Pakistan to keep its export control at par with international standards.
Pakistan apprised the US side about the latest developments in Pakistan's strategic export control system, its internal compliance mechanism and the NCLs' review process. The US side gave briefings on various export controls aspects including their best practices, training measures and reforms being conducted by the relevant US agencies.
Such interactions are part of Pakistan's consistent outreach effort to engage with the international community to mutually benefit from the best practices.
Pakistan's non-proliferation measures and the steps taken to further strengthen its export controls are well recognized by the international community. Pakistan is fully committed to non-proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and their delivery systems. Based on its credentials, Pakistan qualifies to join export control regimes including NSG.
The bilateral meeting is related to the Security, Strategic Stability and Non-proliferation (SSSNP) Working Group, which is part of Pak-US strategic dialogue. The two sides agreed to continue this process in the future meetings.
Annual Meeting of the Oversight Board (OSB) held today at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Annual Meeting of the Oversight Board (OSB) was held, at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, on Friday, 11 September, 2015, which was chaired by the Foreign Secretary Mr. Aizaz Ahmad Chaudhry.
The OSB was set up in 2007, in pursuance of Export Control on Goods, Technologies, Material and Equipment related to Nuclear and Biological Weapons and their Delivery Systems Act-2004, and consists of eleven members representing different Ministries/Departments.
Director General, Strategic Export Control Division (SECDIV) briefed the Board about the activities and future plans of the Division. The Board was also briefed on the recent revision of Control Lists of sensitive goods/technologies, which encompass the scope and lists maintained by the international export control regimes such as the Nuclear Suppliers Group, Missile Technology Control Regime, and the Australia Group. The Board reviewed the progress on the previous meetings' decisions and expressed satisfaction over the steps taken by Pakistan to meet its obligations as a responsible nuclear-weapon state.
Meeting of the Oversight Board of Export Control Act-2004
Annual Meeting of the Oversight Board (OSB), chaired by the Foreign Secretary, Mr. Aizaz Ahmad Chaudhry, was held on Thursday, 27 February 2014, at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Meeting of SECDIV Oversight Board
Meeting of the Oversight Board (OSB) was held on Monday 24 December 2012, at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which was chaired by the honorable Foreign Secretary Mr. Jalil Abbas Jilani, and attended by members of the board. Director General SECDIV apprised the participants on the functioning, performance and future plans of the Division.The Oversight Board expressed satisfaction over the steps taken by Pakistan to meet its international obligations as a responsible nuclear-weapon state. A number of decisions were taken to further strengthen the export controls.